The Borussia Dortmund football club was sorted out by a gathering of seminarians in September 1909 in the Zum Wildschütz bar. The parishioners did not concur with the situation of their minister, who did not consent to incorporate football in the program of the recently shaped games circle. At that point 18 folks driven by Franz Jacobi denoted the start of the honor winning football club. The name “Borussia” originates from the merger of two words: the Latin name of Prussia and the neighboring distillery for seminarians. At first, the group played for quite a while in the locale classes and just in 1936 left the shadows, getting through toward the Westphalia association, anyway even this achievement did not permit the Schlesk-04 Gelsenkirchensky, who by and by directed and adored Adolf Hitler. After the finish of World War II, the club, just as all associations related with the Third Reich, was broken down.
Borussia Dortmund history
Beautiful game, talented youth, full rostrum and the semi-final of the Champions League – this is the “Borussia” today. Finance, singing romances, the threat of bankruptcy, austerity regime and the sale of the leaders – Borussia seven or eight years ago. “SSF” recalls five points in the recent history of the “black and yellow” that they would like to forget.
Hitzfeld resignation is one of the principle missteps of the previous initiative of Borussia. After a memorable triumph in the Champions League 1996/97, Ottmar Hitzfeld left the group, winning all that he could with Dortmund. The German mentor, who at that point was in office the longest-serving ancestors (six years), needed to revamp the group, making a wager on the adolescent. Be that as it may, the star veterans figured out how to slant the leader of Borussia, Gerd Nibaum, to their side. At last, Hitzfeld was offered the situation of games chief. He later reviewed that this movement was more similar to paid get-away than work.
In 1998, the “dark and yellow”, driven by the new head mentor – Italian Nevio Scala achieved the Champions League semi-finals (the following should hold up 15 years), where they lost to the future triumphant, Real Madrid, 0: 2 (g), 0: 0 (e) But in the title, the group of Vladimir Bout (the Russian midfielder shielded the shades of Borussia from 1995 to 2000) fizzled, completing just in tenth spot. Dortmund without precedent for a long time was behind the European Cup. After the season, Scala expectedly surrendered. I was shocked by the name of the successor – the group was going by a 32 ‑ year-old Michael Skibbe, who worked with the novice Borussia group. Preceding this, the previous Schalke player had never headed a Bundesliga level club. Be that as it may, Nibaum trusted in the newcomer: “Even after Hitzfeld had left, we needed to select Skibbe, however then we didn’t have the mettle.” By the way, another possibility for the post was Jupp Heynckes.
Skibbe worked with the team for a season and a half, without winning anything. And Hitz-Feld went to Bavaria, with which he won – bend his fingers – five German championships, the Champions League and the Intercontinental Cup.
Fight for survival
Before the start of the 1999/2000 championship, Borussia spent the record amount for the Bundesliga in the amount of 27 million euros for the title sponsors of E.ON, the country’s largest energy company. The team was joined by Christian Verns, Victor Ikpeba, Evanilson, Fredy Bobich, and Pepe Reina. The star wholesale did not bring any result – for the season Borussia changed three coaches and only three rounds before the end were saved from relegation. At the earliest reference point of the second round – after an undignified goodbye to the Champions League (third spot in the gathering with Rosenborg, Feyenoord and Boavistoy) and takeoff from the Germany Cup – Skibbe was expelled from the post of head mentor (the group was 6th in the title ). Under the initiative of Bernd Krauss, one of the most extravagant clubs in the Bundesliga for two months in 11 matches of the title did not win a solitary triumph. After a progression of six annihilations in succession, Krauss was asked.
To save Borussia, called Titanic’s wits (the team was almost at the bottom of the table), in mid-April a tandem of coaches was called up, consisting of veteran Udo Lattek (a 65-year-old specialist, who won the German championship title eight times and won all European clubs tournaments, he did not train for seven years, but worked as a commentator on DSF) and debutant Matthias Zammer (due to an infection in the knee joint, the owner of the Golden Ball-1996 had to end his career as a player at 32).
At first, they did not succeed: in 2000, Borussia did not win until May, setting a club anti-record – four home defeats in a row. However, the fusion of experience and youth ultimately gave the result – the team took 11th place (by the way, not the worst result for Dortmund in the 21st century – according to the results of the 2007/2008 season, Borussia was the 13th).
Two years later, Borussia almost doubled the Bundesliga transfer record – it was spent 50 million euros on newcomers. Everton, Sebastian Kehl, Marcio Amoroso tried on the black-yellow form (Brazilian striker cost Dortmund 25 million, but played in Borussia only a season, and then got seriously injured), Jan Koller.
The short-term effect of such bounty is championship 2001/02. The reverse side of the medal: the club which took loans to pay for super transfers and salary of stars, in 2004 was on the verge of bankruptcy. Borussia’s debts amounted to 120 million euros, of which 90 million were subject to immediate payment. And this is despite the fact that Dort Mundians were the most visited club in Europe – on average, about 77 thousand people attended home games. Having a decent income from the matches, the “black and yellow” managed to spend a lot more.
Perhaps it’s the main transfer punctures “Borussia” (in addition to buying Amoroso). In 2003, the 14-year-old Marco Royce in his native Dortmund was considered unpromising and sent to the youth team “Rot-Weiss” from Alain (the second Bundesliga), from which Menhengladbach “Borussia” bought him in 2009. In 2012, the “black and yellow” returned their pupil already in the rank of one of the main talents of the country and the national team player, paying teammates 17 million euros.
In the mid-2000s, Borussia got to the point where they had to qualify for the UEFA Cup through the Intertoto Cup (there was such a tournament for the middle peasants of the national championships). In 2004, after the 6th place in the Borussia championship in the third round of the Intertoto Cup, in the two-game standoff, she lost to the Belgian Genkou.
Surviving in 2005
The leaders were sold – Jens Lehmann (for 3.5 million euros in Arsenal), Torsten Frings (9.25 million in Bavaria), Tomas Rosicky (10 million in Arsenal), and David Odoncore (6 million – in “Betis”). The economic policy has changed dramatically: the Borussia budget has been reduced to a maximum of 50 million euros. The cost of maintaining the team was reduced from 57 to 24 million euros (now – 60 million).
The club was assisted by a contract with Morgan Stanley. CEO Hans-Joachim Watzke, in an interview with ProSport, recalls: “I offered them to reorganize Borussia, buy out some loans, increase capital, and buy our shares. Over the next two years, Morgan Stanley was our largest shareholder, and in addition, he lent us 80 million euros, so we were able to buy back the stadium and no longer pay the rent. Then there was a banking crisis, investment banks began to quit the game, our shares were selling at 80 cents. Now they cost 3.20. But by that time we were already so strong that we were able to pay 80 million debts. Now, if the crisis had hit two years earlier, in 2006, we would already be dead. ”
Find a replacement for Sahin
An important component of the brilliant game of “Borussia” in addition to the formidable attack in the face of Paraguayan Lucas Barrios, Japanese Shinji Kagawa and Pole Robert Lewandowski is a reliable defense. The central defenders of the Serb Neven Subbotich and the German national team player Mats Hummels complement each other well, sometimes causing the despair of many forwards rivals with their stable game. In the middle of the field in Dortmund Turks Nuri Sahin reins, rare for the beauty and accuracy of the transmission which allowed the attackers to appear in all its glory. But after several spent games, Sahin moved to Real Madrid in Madrid, leaving a gaping hole in the midfield, closing which Ilkay Gyundogan bought in Nürnberg was intended to close.
Football is life
Gundogan, along with Croat Ivan Petrich, are the most important of the five newcomers to Borussia. Otherwise, Jurgen Klopp, as before, relies not on the “stars”, but on the collective game, in which the team is the only “star”. Therefore, the coach is confident that, despite the departure of Sahin, the “yellow-blacks” even became stronger now. Klopp’s requirements for football players, regardless of their champion status, remain very high, as before. “Who wants to play in Borussia, should give himself without reserve in every match and every training session, take seriously, but not too seriously. He should just live football,” Klopp explains his team philosophy.
For him, all this means, above all, the constant growth of skill of each player and the quality of the game of the entire club. At the same time, the coach emphasizes again and again, for the “yellow-blacks” nothing changes due to the fact that they start every next season, being champions for their fans.